10 Facts about Somalia

10 Facts about Somalia

#1. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa’s mainland – 3,300 kilometers (1,879 miles).

#2. The main language spoken in Somalia is Somali. Some also speak Arabic, Italian, and English.

#3. More than half of the residents of Somalia are self-employed. They are farmers, herders, and independent business owners.

#4. When people in Somali get married, there is not just a bond between the man and his wife, but also between the clans and the families.

#5 Mogadishu is the capital and most populous city of Somalia. Located in the coastal Banaadir region on the Indian Ocean, the city has served as an important port for millennia.

#6 The most widely recognized symbol in Somalia is the camel. This is because the camel provides meat, milk, transportation, income, and status for those who own one.

#7 Laas Geel are cave formations on the rural outskirts of Hargeisa. They contain some of the earliest known cave paintings in the Horn of Africa. Laas Geel’s rock art is estimated to date to somewhere between 9,000 and 3,000 years BC.

#8 About 80% of the population are nomadic or semi-nomadic pastoralists, who keep goats, sheep, camels and cattle. 

#9  Somalia has the largest population of camels in the world.

#10 It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.